Support the Café

Search our Site

The reality of Islamophobia

The reality of Islamophobia


by Robert Azzi


I don’t know how many Muslims other than myself are daily visitors to Episcopal Cafe but I find the way you curate challenging issues inspiring and a model for other communities – including my own. That’s why I was disappointed to read, in this forum, a poorly referenced and biased commentary referencing Islamophobia and Shari’ah Law(sic).


First, It’s important to understand that Islamophobia is a concept that initially appeared in the early 20th century, in French, in a slightly different context. It appeared as a full-throated definition, in 1985, in its current meaning, in the work of Columbia University scholar and critic Edward Said (author of Orientalism) and has been used, since that time, to mean a “dread or hatred of Islam and therefore, (the) fear and dislike of all Muslims,” a definition posited by the British Runnymede Trust, which in 1997 published “Islamophobia: A Challenge For Us All.”


To deny the pernicious influence of Islamophobia today, especially in today’s hyper-politicized environment, is anti-intellectual and dangerous, and leads to the empowering of bigotry.


The reality is that there are those who want to disenfranchise Muslims, along with Jews, Mexicans, immigrants, women, LGBTQIA peoples, other non-Christians, African-Americans and other communities of color from the Public Square – and they couch that freedom in the language of The First Amendment.


After reading several Islam-related entries on the author’s blog I believe his rhetoric makes clear that he doesn’t believe that Muslims are part of our Abrahamic tradition, that Islam is inherently violent and was spread by the sword and, it appears, he doesn’t accept that Jews, Christians and Muslims all worship the same God.


From his exclusivist perspective it appears he wishes to manipulate our perception of Islam, about which, In 2008, he wrote, “Muslims are trying to dominate the world with their double edge sword, one side is dipped with blood and the other side speaks about peace, humanity, and love. The division of both ideologies meet on the same point … both groups are determined to accomplish same task….”


I cannot find evidence that the author accepts that Prophet Muhammad received the Qur’an – the uncreated Word of God – through revelation via Angel Gabriel. Indeed, from his comments, it seems he believes that Islam isn’t a revealed religion at all but was founded by Muhammad.


He denies Islam’s, and the Prophet Muhammad’s, legitimacy.


I love God, love the Prophet Muhammad, love Jesus, and I love and embrace the gift and beauty of the Qur’an.


I believe, as the Qur’an reveals, that “among (God’s) wonders is this: He creates for you mates out of your own kind, so that you might incline towards them, and He engenders love and tenderness between you: in this, behold, there are messages indeed for people who think! And among his wonders is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the diversity of your tongues and colors: for in this, behold, there are messages indeed for all who are possessed of (innate) knowledge!” 30:21 (Muhammad Asad translation)


The author’s comments about how to critique and challenge Islam and Muslims seems more intended to normalize and legitimize ignorant and Islamophobic rhetoric than to normalize and expand interfaith dialogue and understanding.


Sadly, he doesn’t have the courage to come right out and directly say all that – his words are work-arounds. He uses language throughout his oeuvre that’s meant to disenfranchise and delegitimize Muslims in the Public Square by other means – by “Otherizing” them, ascribing to them motives that render them as being less than worthy …


He doesn’t understand that Muhammad didn’t “found” Islam and embraces a common conceit common to many non-Muslims – that of conflating Jesus with Muhammad.


More true is, as Marcus Borg wrote, that  as Jews find the divine in the Torah and Christians find the divine in Jesus, Muslims find the divine in the Qur’an.


The reality is that Muhammad is to Muslims as Mary is to Christians, bearers of the “Sacred Presence.”


Equally concerning was his lack of understanding of Shari’ah.


Shari’ah in the Qur’an is aspirational. It is not law. Shari’ah defines a path to God that inspires humans to embrace Justice, Equality, Hospitality, Generosity – to embrace The Good.


Law in Islam is Fiqh – Islamic jurisprudence. It is determined by rulings made by fallible human beings based on their understandings and interpretations of what God has revealed in the Qur’an.


Shari’ah and Fiqh are not the same; in American terms you might call Shari’ah the Declaration of Independence, Fiqh the Constitution.


Over the last two years we’ve witnessed attacks – from politicians, pundits and pastors alike – deliberately targeting Muslims and Islam. The terms they use are not unlike those used by anti-Semites, racists, misogynists and other dividers and haters attack.


To justify those attacks, to justify hate speech, they attack the straw-dog of  “political correctness,”  as being attacks on their constitutionally protected right of Free Speech.


Yes, they are free to hate. They are free to be wrong, to exclude, to deceive and distort and de-contextualize to make their hateful points – but they have no right to remain unchallenged in their ignorance and prejudice.


One IS NOT Islamophobic just for challenging or having negative opinions about Muslims or islam – one IS Islamophobic if such opinions arise out of ignorance, bigotry or prejudice.


To attempt to deny Muslims agency in the Public Square is Islamophobic.


When one suggests that in a post 9/11 world a “narrative” was created of islam as a “Religion of Peace” as a “tool”  to counter negative perceptions of Islam – that is ignorant – and Islamophobic.


Most disingenuous was the author’s defense of a recent protest against “Sharia Law.”


By failing to inform readers that the so-called anti-Sharia law demonstration was sponsored by “ACT for America”  the author was deliberately deceptive.


Act’s founder, Brigitte Gabriel, believes, “If a Muslim who has—who is—a practicing Muslim who believes the word of the Koran to be the word of Allah, who abides by Islam, who goes to mosque and prays every Friday, who prays five times a day—this practicing Muslim, who believes in the teachings of the Koran, cannot be a loyal citizen to the United States of America.”


She means me.


That is hate speech and the author stands in her defense.


Gabriel believes that “tens of thousands of Islamic militants now reside in America operating in sleeper cells, attending our colleges and universities, even infiltrating our government” and asserting that radicalized Muslims “have infiltrated us at the CIA, at the FBI, at the Pentagon, at the State Department.” Read the ADL report on Act for yourself.


The author stands in defense of such Islamophobic, ignorant and dangerous language.


Those who sincerely want to protect all our rights and remove hateful rhetoric from our Public Square can begin by revisiting and revising their own incorrect, patronizing, paternalistic and Islamophobic commentary.


They must refuse to stand in solidarity with those who would deny my rights and citizenship, and they must be more intentional in witnessing the gifts of creation and beauty of the heavens and the earth with which all of humanity has been endowed by our Beloved.


We must be more intentional in embracing the Other.


In “Francis [of Assisi] and Islam,” J. Hoeberichts writes, “It is this Qur’an which was the source of all good things which Francis discovered in the behavior of the Saracens and which made such an impression on him: their prayer, their faith, their respectful use of the word God. And since all these good things in the Qur’an did not come from the Saracens, but from God from whom all good comes, Francis wished to also respect the Qur’an.”


Centuries later Pope Francis offers “ . . . our respect for true followers of Islam should lead us to avoid hateful generalizations, for authentic Islam and the proper reading of the Qur’an are opposed to every form of violence.”


All Good comes from God.


Robert Azzi, an American-Arab-Muslim columnist and photojournalist, writes on issues of Islam, Identity, Conflict and The Other.  He previously contributed “The Shadows that Follow Us” for EpiscopalCafe. He’s active in interfaith work, often with Episcopal colleagues in New England. His commentary – and information on his program “Ask a Muslim Anything” – is archived at
image: by John Moore/Getty Images

Café Comments?

Our comment policy requires that you use your real first and last names and provide an email address (your email will not be published). Comments that use non-PG rated language, include personal attacks, that are not provable as fact or that we deem in any way to be counter to our mission of fostering respectful dialogue will not be posted.

1 Comment
Oldest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Allison Kuehl de Kanel

With the greatest respect, I’d like to address one point the author made.

“I cannot find evidence that the author” (of the previously cited article) “accepts that Prophet Muhammad received the Qur’an – the uncreated Word of God – through revelation via Angel Gabriel. Indeed, from his comments, it seems he believes that Islam isn’t a revealed religion at all but was founded by Muhammad.

He denies Islam’s, and the Prophet Muhammad’s, legitimacy.”

As a Christian, and as one who does not read Arabic, I am not competent to assess the content of the Holy Qur’an. I know that Muslims have the greatest respect for Jesus and for his mother, and indeed rarely mention Jesus without adding “peace be upon him”, just as they would add when mentioning the Prophet Muhammad. I believe that Muslims worship the God of Abraham. I also believe that Christians, Muslims, and Jews have distinct and sometimes contradictory beliefs about what the God of Abraham has accomplished in history and how the God of Abraham has revealed himself to the world. For example, Christians and Muslims both believe that Jesus is the Messiah, whereas Jews believe that Messiah (or Mossiach) has not yet come.

If I may make an analogy: I have a very dear friend who is a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. As I understand it, her faith includes the belief that the Prophet Joseph Smith was led by a revelation to discover the text of a book called the Book of Mormon, considered a holy book equivalent to one of the Christian Gospels. My friend loves Jesus. I love and respect her, and respect her right to practice her faith. But there are elements of her faith that I just don’t believe. If I did believe that Joseph Smith found the Book of Mormon as my friend believes, and that the doctrine of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints was true, I would probably feel obligated to become a member of her church.

Similarly, if I believed that the Holy Qur’an were the uncreated Word of God, I would probably feel obligated to become a Muslim.

But I believe that Jesus is the uncreated Word of God.

Does this mean I deny Islam’s legitimacy? That I do not respect the Prophet Muhammad? I hope not. I think it just means that I am a Christian.

Christians, Muslims, and Jews (and Mormons) agree about so much. When I talk to one of my doctors (who is Muslim) we often share our gratitude for God’s good creation and for the blessings that have been showered upon us. We ask each other questions about the other’s faith. I wish that I lived out my faith as deeply as my doctor does his – he has been on the Hajj several times, he fasts during Ramadan, he prays faithfully. My practice of my faith is wishy-washy in comparison. Similarly, I have a dear Jewish friend who is faithfully observant to the requirements of Sabbath observance, of keeping a kosher kitchen. I feel I have it easy in comparison.

Anti-semitism and Islamophobia are both blots on our culture, and both deny my calling as a Christian to respect the dignity of every human being. But as a Christian I cannot claim to believe those parts of other faiths that contradict my own. So I do believe that Messiah has come. I do believe that God is Three-in-One and One-in-Three.

i hope the author will respect my beliefs as I respect his.

May peace be upon and between all those who believe in the God of Abraham.

Support the Café
Past Posts

The Episcopal Café seeks to be an independent voice, reporting and reflecting on the Episcopal Church and the Anglican tradition.  The Café is not a platform of advocacy, but it does aim to tell the story of the church from the perspective of Progressive Christianity.  Our collective sympathy, as the Café, lies with the project of widening the circle of inclusion within the church and empowering all the baptized for the role to which they have been called as followers of Christ.

The opinions expressed at the Café are those of individual contributors, and, unless otherwise noted, should not be interpreted as official statements of a parish, diocese or other organization. The art and articles that appear here remain the property of their creators.

All Content  © 2017 Episcopal Café