Part 2 of restructuring and the church budget

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The Rev. Susan Brown Snook, who proposed a quick fix for the budget in her blog on March 26, offers some long term ideas for restructuring and mission. From her blog, A Good and Joyful Thing:

“We’re on a mission from God,” proclaimed the famous sages, Dan Aykroyd and John Belushi, as they proceeded to put on cool shades and fedoras, visit a memorable nun, track down the old band members, put Aretha Franklin in a very bad mood, and lead the Chicago police on a wild, wild ride.

Fortunately for them, Aykroyd and Belushi seemed to have a much clearer understanding of their mission than we Episcopalians do. “The heartbeat of the church is mission … mission … mission,” said Presiding Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori in her sermon at General Convention in 2009. As I listened to her sermon, I was inspired (though I might argue that the heartbeat of the church is actually the living Christ). But I also found myself puzzled: what does she mean by “mission”?

Chief Operating Officer Stacy Sauls, who presumably shares the PB’s outlook on mission, clarified their view of mission in his sample “restructuring” resolution for the coming General Convention. He called for a plan to “facilitate this Church’s faithful engagement in Christ’s mission to proclaim good news to the poor, release to the captives, recovery of sight to the blind, freedom to the oppressed, and the acceptable year of the Lord (Luke 4:18).” Reading that mission statement from the gospel of Luke broadly, one could say that the mission of the church is to do social justice work.

But what about the other gospels? What about other statements even within Luke’s gospel? What about the whole witness of scripture?

After discussing the pros and cons of the current proposals, Snook offers her long term solutions:

Do you see a common theme running through all these critiques? I do. We need a plan. We need a plan that brings in the voices of laypeople, deacons, priests and bishops. We need a plan that concentrates on particular ministry areas and particular administrative issues. We need a plan that points us toward change for the 21st century.

Here is what I think such a plan should involve:

1. A steering group of not more than 12 complete outsiders to church structures. By outsiders, I mean dedicated Episcopalians, entrepreneurial thinkers and doers, who are not involved in Church Center work or high-level churchwide politics or standing commissions. If you’re standing on the carpet, you can’t make the carpet fly. These need to be people who love the church, understand the mission, but are not personally invested in current structures.

2. This steering group would have the power to appoint several blue-ribbon panels:

> A panel of real estate experts who would make recommendations about what to do about 815 (the building), including looking at options of selling it, leasing it, and other creative possibilities I don’t know about. In the hopes that something could be done about this behemoth before the next General Convention, we need to make sure that Executive Council has the power to act on any offers that might come in, and understands that the will of Convention is that we should divest ourselves of this building. There should be no more argument about this. We are not going to be a New York corporate hierarchical-model church any more. We are going to be a mission-focused church.

> A group of investigators that looks at options for relocating the churchwide structure, including cost, accessibility to airports, closeness to important power structures for our church, and available resources. How about using vacant space at Washington National Cathedral? How about using vacant space at Seabury Western Seminary? And so on. (I cite those two examples having no idea whether they are practical ideas, but offering them as the kind of options we should be considering.) Again, Executive Council should be empowered to make a move on this recommendation as soon as 815 is disposed of.

> A panel of human resources and other experts who would look at the churchwide staff structure and recommend options for streamlining, outsourcing, and closing unnecessary offices. In addition, this panel would carefully delineate those functions – such as, say, ecumenical relations – that absolutely must be carried out by the churchwide office, and would recommend the staffing and other resources needed to carry out those functions. Executive Council should be empowered to make an immediate move.

> A panel of people who look at our churchwide governing structures and make recommendations for different ways of operating, including possibilities of reducing standing commissions, using more electronic meetings and communications, considering the size of deputations and frequency of meetings, etc. Constitutional changes would be required if any changes are made, so these recommendations would need to be considered by Convention. Bishop Sauls tells me that the Diocese of San Diego has put forth an interesting resolution (which I haven’t seen) that would make this possible in 3 years rather than 6.

3. Now, back to the steering group. What are they doing? They are leading a churchwide visioning process. They are holding out the Anglican Marks of Mission as a reasonable summary of mission in our church, and they are training facilitators to lead a visioning process for how to achieve this mission. Why a churchwide visioning process? Because without broad-based buy-in at every level of the church, any proposals for change would not truly cause change. They would be defeated or sabotaged. This is the lesson of Rabbi Edwin Friedman’s concept of homeostasis.

a. The visioning process would be open to any group that wants to participate – interest groups around particular ministry areas, dioceses, provinces, local parishes, seminaries, etc.

b. Trained facilitators would lead the interest groups in a spiritually-focused discernment process that begins with significant, in-depth, inductive Bible study and prayer around mission-focused passages (with the caveat that no one Bible passage encompasses the full scope of God’s commission to us, so multiple passages must be considered).

c. The visioning process would continue with a carefully designed (by the steering group) set of questions and exercises. The purpose would be to discern answers to how God is leading us to achieve our mission. What do we dream of? What do we hope for? Where are we now? What would it take to get where we want to be? What kind of support do we need from diocesan, provincial, and churchwide structures? How much money, personnel, and physical structures will it require?

d. The facilitators would bring reports back to the steering group, which would assimilate the feedback and undergo a similar visioning process of its own. The steering group would make a report to the wider church. That report would include recommendations for:

> The “panel of expert” recommendations, above.

> The best structure for mission in each of the defined Marks of Mission areas.

> Ways to flatten the current hierarchical structure so that the Church Center does not control, but rather empowers, ministry at all levels of the church.

> Criteria for funding ministry being done by local parishes, by dioceses, by provinces and by networks within the church. A Mission Fund would be established, using a very high percentage of revenues collected from the dioceses and from the endowment, and empowered to give grants for ministry (carried out by local groups or churchwide independent networks) that meet carefully defined Marks of Mission criteria.

> A better budget process that would give the church time and leadership necessary to create a mission-focused budget, and would not demand that PB&F be the de facto determiner of all churchwide mission by its last-minute Convention decisions about what to fund or not to fund. Asking this of PB&F is not fair to them, or to the church.

> A strategic fundraising plan, not the “how” of fundraising (which would be the work of a Development Office), but the “what for.” What are our strategic priorities? How much will they cost? How can we express them as a dream that others will want to participate in? The Development Office will need a menu of dreams to present to potential donors.

> Possibly: recommendations for leadership training. How are we going to recruit, train, and equip the kind of young entrepreneurial leaders who will be needed for the new church we are creating?

This report would be available by summer 2014, and ready for the entire church to discuss and assimilate for a full year before General Convention 2015. In 2015, we vote – and may the best plan win. That is to say – God’s plan. Because we’re on a mission from God.

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Meg Decker
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Meg Decker

I think there are and have been programs that do exactly what Mike is talking about. The Vestry Vital papers, for example, does exactly that--highlight ministries and ideas that are working. But none of that information is ever connected with the reality of a bloated and irrelevant national structure. We need some sort of system to put these two pieces together because it isn't happening with things as they are. The real trick will be to guarantee that a steering committee or whatever we use isn't just cooped into doing the same thing all over again.

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Susan Kleinwechter
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Susan Kleinwechter

I have to disagree with Michael Russell’s disputation of Susan Snook’s steering group proposal.

The nonprofit organization “The Episcopal Church” DOES need a fresh look at its structures. Such a look can only be provided by outsiders. TEC has declining membership and budget issues. Hellooooo! Any company (for profit or not-for-profit), facing OUR woes, would have outsiders look at structures and budgets. Smart corporate management should be eager to hear restructuring recommendations from savvy outsiders.

Steering group sounds like a good idea to me!

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Susan Snook
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Susan Snook

Mike, let me try again. I think we are actually saying very similar things. The way I read your comment, it seems like you think I want the steering group to decide what they want to happen and then lead the whole church in agreeing with it. But that's not what I want to happen at all. When I propose a coordinated visioning process, I am proposing exactly what you say: a way for folks to articulate their passions for ministry and describe what kind of support from the broader church would be helpful. The whole point is for the facilitators to LISTEN to what the folks are saying, to understand where ministry is working well and where it needs support, to bring these insights and passions back to a group that is charged with LISTENING to similar input from all kinds of groups all over the church, and THEN to design a way for the churchwide structure to support and empower such ministries. Concurrently, planning would be happening for technical questions such as what to do with 815, but the point of the visioning process is to discover, awaken and encourage passions for ministry out in the local church. If the plan that is designed after hearing all those passions truly responds to what is heard, and truly responds to the leading of the Holy Spirit that we hope would be guiding those proceedings, then it will be a new kind of structure the whole church can get excited about. And yes, I think that funding should go to some local ministries, and networks, from the churchwide structure. It is over-idealistic to believe that each local constituency can raise its own money. Money is simply not that evenly distributed in our society, and sometimes there are good unfunded or partially funded causes that the whole church can and should get behind.

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Execute
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Michael, I have to disagree. We may not need a steering committee to do it, but we do need some central structures, because what we need to do is not simply that which occurs at the local level. If so, we might just as well declare ourselves ritualistic Congregationalists and be done with it.

I can think of a couple of things that the were supported at the level of the Episcopal Church Center that, in their day, had a great deal of impact. The three different series of "Church's Teaching Series." Each in its generation offered teaching tools that could form Christians within a specifically Episcopal understanding of the faith; and each was widely used in local parishes and by lay and ordained ministers for study, reflection, and formation.

Another would be the summation of our various ecumenical conversations. Now, the results have been varied, from full communion (with ELCA and the Moravians, for example) to table fellowship (with, for example, the United Methodists) to simple statements of agreement and disagreement. We might not be doing too well pursuing Jesus' prayer that "all might be one" in Anglican circles, but we're doing quite well in others. The varied and valuable, but definitely uneven agreements that might happen at the local level don't have the same impact.

Too, we need some sense of central function if we are to consider ourselves one body as Episcopalians. It is precisely congregationalism (a belief that only the local matters) that has led to much of our recent difficulties. I agree we don't need the sorts of centralization that Rome claims; but we need something.

I've spent my life in institutional ministry - as a hospital chaplain. Institutions of any sort that don't have some structure and some sense of unity of vision fail and scatter. I'm impressed by the emergences - Emergent stuff - going on. However, each will find a reason to continue, and find the means, or it will dissolve. I was greatly impressed by the capacity for sharing on computer bulletin boards and chat rooms half a generation ago; but it's the structures of social networking sites that have given us all this capacity for sharing. We might think all that capacity is in our hands, and feel powerful. We might think that - until servers go down in too many places at once, and suddenly we're back to pen and ink and snail mail. We may not need the structures we have; but if we are to continue we will certainly need something.

Marshall Scott

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Tom Sramek Jr
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I like Susan's proposal for a steering committee as opposed to a protracted survey because it insures that this process will move along. Yes, many things are already happening more locally--not least in Susan's own parish and diocese--but we could (and would) spend years saying "Wow, look at this! How can we duplicate it across the whole church?" or "Hey, look, the church isn't really in decline!" and making minor technical tweaks and launching quickly aborted initiatives. We need a defined process, a streamlined power structure to implement it, and a definate up or down vote on moving forward--and we need it NOW.

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Michael Russell
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My point is, Susan, that we do not need a steering group of insiders or outsiders at all, and that even if you made one they cannot lead the "whole" church in anything.

We do not need this because the whole church, expressed at its most local level is already DOING well visioned ministry based on the emergent passions/visions of the faithful people there.

What would be helpful would be for a group leaders to LISTEN to them, for direction instead of presuming that this or that freshly invented structure can or ever has done it better than the grassroots.

Moreover we have no history of centralized visioning (no matter how broad or inclusive you make the group) actually producing a program that local folks then decided to own. VIM came close, I suppose.

The most interesting hearing at GC is the PB&F hearing on expenditures, where supplicants come to beg for funding from the central budget. There you get some sense of how local mission is being incarnated. But thousands of other missional ministries go on without needing or wanting a dime from the central church and, in fact, being underfunded by what gets sent upstream.

There is no logic to sending money upstream, having the cost of administrating it taken off just to send some back downstream. Let downstream just keep most of it with which to do local ministry.

People are not stupid. They put their money where they think it will be effective in matters for which they care. Were our centralized structure doing that, it would have cash pouring in. Instead, people pour it into local ministries that capture their heart and imagination. And people doing missional work simply do not have the time or energy to invest in too much yammering.

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Ann Fontaine
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Ann Fontaine

The 5 marks of mission are an inter-anglican program - here is another one.

InterAnglican Standing Committee on Mission and Evangelism:

Nourished by Scripture and Sacrament, we pledge ourselves to:

Recognise Jesus in each other’s contexts and lives

The nine points begin with Jesus Christ, the source and inspiration of our faith and calls for those covenanting for mission to look for, recognise, learn from and rejoice in the presence of Christ at work in the lives and situations of the other.

Support one another in our participation in God’s mission

Point two acknowledges that we cannot serve God’s mission in isolation and calls for mutual support and encouragement in our efforts.

Encourage expressions of our new life in Christ

Point three asks those who enter into the covenant to encourage one another as we develop new understandings of our identities in Christ.

Meet to share common purpose and explore differences and disagreements

Point four provides for face-to-face meetings at which insights and learnings can be shared and difficulties worked through.

Be willing to change in response to critique and challenge from others

Point five recognises that as challenges arise changes will be needed as discipleship in Christ is deepened as a result of both experience in mission and encounters with those with whom we are in covenant.

Celebrate our strengths and mourn over our failures

Point six calls for honouring and celebrating our successes and acknowledging and naming our sadness and failures in the hopes of restitution and reconciliation.

Share equitably our God-given resources

Point seven emphasises that there are resources to share – not just money and people, but ideas, prayers, excitement, challenge, enthusiasm. It calls for a move to an equitable sharing of such resources particularly when one participant in the Covenant has more than the other.

Work together for the sustainability of God’s creation

Point eight underscores that God’s concern is for the whole of life – not just people, but the whole created order – and so we are called to strive to safeguard the integrity of creation and to sustain and renew the life of the earth.

Live into the promise of God’s reconciliation for ourselves and for the world

This last point speaks of the future hope towards which we are living, the hope of a reconciled universe – in which ‘God’s will be done on earth as it is in heaven’ for which Jesus taught us to pray.

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Susan Snook
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Susan Snook

Mike - the whole point of the steering group is to lead the whole church in a visioning process so we can understand how to support ministries being done at the local level. This is a group of outsiders, not centralized people. See point 3 above. And the eventual goal is to have funding going out to innovative, mission-focused local ministries. This is in the bullet points toward the bottom.

Jesse - the Marks of Mission were voted on at the last convention. I don't think they're perfect, but they are at least reasonably broad, including the vital components of evangelism, discipleship, formation and service.

I think the result of my proposal will be to do exactly what Ann has suggested. We just need a structure to get from here to there.

Susan Snook

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Ann Fontaine
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Ann Fontaine

My 2¢

Budget for National staff -- slashed-- use remaing $$ for promoting local ideas and connecting ministries that work - provide links for various ministries so they can set up their own meetings and communicate with each other.

Rest of National budget -- grants for ministries that work and for our Washington office to keep us informed of opportunities for our voice to be heard. If GC passes mind of the houses statements- they can promote those to the Congress

Asking lowered to 10% -- with accountability -- if you don't pay you don't play (at GC and Province meetings). Those who pay full asking - get the full 8 Deputies, others apportioned according to percentage paid.

Oh and sell 815

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barbara snyder
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barbara snyder

Why not just highlight how local passions are making local mission happen as inspiration to people in other places to do the same, locally adapted?

This seems so very, very right, to me.

Amen, then, Michael Russell. (And as Margaret Mead said, and as has been posted on this site recently: "Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed, it's the only thing that ever has.")

And then this, too, makes a lot of sense to me:

"The fourfold expansion of central staff has not resulted in transformative ministries for our halved population, and it is simply time to clear the slate, reduce central staff to the most minimal administrative duties required to provide uniform governance across our 16 nations, and then leave the work ministry to the places where it actually emerges."

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Michael Russell
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I am sorry, but what we don't need is a steering group, no matter how thoughtfully we broaden that constituency. Nor do we need a plan crafted by any centralized group. Insanity, remember is doing the same thing over and over expecting different results.

For all the talk of "emergence" and nimble, Rev. Snook's proposals are neither.

Emergence happens, it is not planned.

What we need our centralized people to do is listen, not plan. In our parishes and Dioceses there are lots and lots of people carrying out the Five Marks based on their personal sense of calling. In most cases these are not ministries that were planned, they emerged from one or more people who spoke a vision and gathered people to share it.

Moreover they are doing it with next to no money or through repurposing existing resources.

These are the people we should observe, encourage and fund.

Our problem is not that mission is not happening, it is that it is invisible, unmeasured and yet potent where it blooms.

Why not spend a year listening to what IS working instead of studying, planning and proposing? Why not just highlight how local passions are making local mission happen as inspiration to people in other places to do the same, locally adapted?

All the good ideas are already happening, all those that work to warm people's hearts are already happening, our people in the pews are already passionately engaged in ministries through their parish or in other non-profit venues.

What is really sad is that in 62 years of life as an Episcopalian I cannot really recall our centralized leadership ever providing a ministry resource that transformed life at the local parishes I was in. I can recall plenty of local parishes who undertook to do powerful ministries that enriched and often transformed my life.

The fourfold expansion of central staff has not resulted in transformative ministries for our halved population, and it is simply time to clear the slate, reduce central staff to the most minimal administrative duties required to provide uniform governance across our 16 nations, and then leave the work ministry to the places where it actually emerges.

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Jesse Zink
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I think it's an interesting post but I find the emphasis on the Five Marks of Mission a bit off-putting. Speaking personally, I can never remember the Five Marks of Mission (and there's an occasional effort to add a sixth, I know, though I can't remember what it's about).

Is anyone convinced that the Five Marks of Mission give us what we need to talk about mission in the church? It's hard for me to see them as anything other than yet one more Anglican slogan in the long history of Anglican sloganeering.

-Jesse Zink

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