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Fixing Adult Formation

Fixing Adult Formation

by Derek Olsen

The state of Adult Christian Formation in the Episcopal Church seems to be in a state of serious decline. The recent piece on the Lead about a rector who decided to end her adult education programs drew a number of comments both here and on Facebook acknowledging similar challenges in parishes across the country. On the national level, the proposed budget slashes funding for spiritual formation and Christian Education across the board. What are we to do? Is there any way to reverse this decline? What can we do to get things going the other way?

Of course, if this were Hollywood, we know what could happen: a plucky group of misfits would pull together to form a catechetical school, meeting—perhaps—in an abandoned police station in serious need of renovation. They could have a priest who’s a former astrophysicist weighing in on questions about God and the cosmos, a respected New Testament scholar whose traditional seminary folded and who now wanders the world in search of alt music and fountain pens. A former atheist with an operatic background could uncover and introduce the gems of church music. An English vicar battling his own demons and a narrow-minded bureaucracy could handle the pastoral care load. The ordained head of a philosophy department with a taste for fine liturgy could hit the theological heavyweights while tossing out snarky comments about hymn-tune choices and liturgy-fails. Throw in the odd ecumenical figure—maybe a Lutheran civil servant with a taste for heavy metal who ponders theology, pluralism, and the ethics of veganism and the environment. Round it off with an over-educated IT guy who rambles on the trivialities of medieval liturgy and patristics at the drop of a hat. The whole motley crew could be informally presided over by a wily journalist who’s grown tired of the baseball beat who grudgingly takes the position of dean with a shoestring budget, and—ensconced in his crumbling station—proceeds to educate the church. A fulsome cast of extras bringing in a network of eccentric English and Australian voices could be a real plus too. This pitch has got all kinds of promise—and plentiful opportunities for a rockin’ soundtrack.

Reality, as they say, is stranger than fiction. Scrap the picturesque location and move this vision online instead. Oh, yeah—scrap the shoestring budget too; there’s actually nothing that can be called a budget here. What I’m describing is not the future of adult faith formation. I’m describing its past as it’s been for me for the past five years or so—as well as its present.

The majority of my Christian education and faith formation that’s been feeding me for the past while has come from reading (and writing) blogs. There’s a regular circle I visit, informally anchored by the Episcopal Café, and liberally supplemented by the English-based Ship of Fools forums. All of the wacky people above—and several other colorful characters to boot—actually exist and are regular reads for me. Reading the works of others exposes me to thoughts I wouldn’t otherwise think, and writing my own blog forces me to clarify my ideas and communicate them in such a way that other people would want to read them.

Sometimes in the wider electronic discussion I hear people asking what the place of blogs is in an increasingly Facebook-dominated world. This is the place of blogs as far as I’m concerned: they offer a solid essay-driven form of communication that can be both challenged and supplemented by comments. I can offer an essay on a particular topic and know that it will be seen and read by any number of people who are then free to ask further questions or to call me on what I’ve written. I’m held accountable knowing that anyone from the guy-born-yesterday to the world’s foremost authority on the topic could randomly drop by and call me on the carpet. In one sense these writings may be ephemeral and fleeting as blog hosts go up and down but—as anyone who’s penned an electronic drunken rant or seen a horrific third-grade choir photo posted to Facebook knows—“What happens on the internet, stays on the internet.” Forever. In short, I want to suggest that instead of wringing our hands about the state of adult faith formation, we realize that, for those of us reading these words now, a significant effort is happening online and that both learning and formation are happening based on what people find here.

It ain’t your momma’s Sunday School.

What of the budget cuts? An electronic acquaintance has a quote from Margaret Mead in his email signature: “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed, it’s the only thing that ever has.” I’ve thought about this quote frequently as I’ve surveyed the Episcopal side of the internet. What has dawned on me is that every major online resource that I use has been created by an individual with a passion—not by a funded church committee. Take Chad Wohlers’s site on the Books of Common Prayer or the currently anonymous Ditto for Project Canterbury or The Lectionary Page or MissionStClare or or my own office site. Even the Episcopal Café itself—as far as I know—comes out of Jim’s own passion (and that of his dedicated news team)—with only web space coming from the Diocese of Washington, D.C.

The national church? Dunno.

What I’m seeing is a set of resources that work under the open-source/crowd-source model. Good material for adult faith formation is being produced and offered every day for free. It’s available; it’s out there. Am I denigrating traditional brick-and-mortar Adult Sunday School classes and forums? No. And that’s not my intent. Indeed, one of the bright spots of Christian Ed for me in the past decade is a Sunday School class on Romans at the Cathedral of St Philip in Atlanta. It was a fun yet thorough walk through a complex book led entirely by a small group of dedicated teachers—laymen—who educated themselves laid out the various issues and readings and meanings for the rest of us to interact with. It wasn’t from a packaged curriculum and it wasn’t produced by a national or diocesan anything.

I am in favor of the traditional pattern when and where it works but the indications I’m seeing is that those places are becoming fewer and farther between.

So what now—are we good? No, not yet. A few more things need to happen.

First, we need to keep writing blogs. Me and you. We’ve got to keep producing good edifying content.

Second, we need someone who’s willing to bring some organization to all of this.

As a database guy, I’ve long argued that the challenge of our age is not having information or generating content. Rather, we’ve got the reverse problem—there’s way too much information available. The challenge if our age is analyzing and organizing the data that’s out there into meaningful and—more important—useful chunks. While blogs are great, they tend to be occasional in both main senses of the word. That is, they get written occasionally (mine not often based on the craziness of my schedule) but are also occasional in the formal sense. Like Paul’s letters to the Corinthians, they’re prompted by specific events and tend not to be systematic presentations of a single field or idea. What we need is an initiative to group together internet resources and blog posts into clear and helpful groupings. Thus, if someone in a local church wanted to learn about—or to teach a traditional brick-and-mortar Sunday School class about—a given topic, they could go to this resource and see what’s available, perhaps even finding a disparate group of resources balanced with one another in a helpful way.

Could a church funded committee do this work? Well, maybe… but I doubt it. And, looking at what has been done and who has been doing it, it doesn’t seem statistically likely either.

So, if you’re serious about wanting to fix the apparently broken state of adult faith formation, we need a volunteer—what are you doing in your spare time?

Dr. Derek Olsen has a Ph.D. in New Testament and Homiletics at Emory University. Currently serving as Theologian-in-Residence at the Church of the Advent, Baltimore, he leads quiet days and is a speaker to clergy groups. He has taught seminary courses in biblical studies, preaching, and liturgics. A layman working in the IT field, Derek created and maintains the online Daily Office site The St. Bede’s Breviary. His reflections on life, liturgical spirituality, and being a Gen-X/Y dad appear at Haligweorc.


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What about the Faith Formation network approach?

I’m interested in this in many ways and have been trying to build a formation task force. I would be interested in hearing what others feel about the Faith Formation Network approach

CFleader- PLEASE sign your first and last name when commenting – thanks ~ed.

Maria L. Evans

I would like to echo some of what Linda Ryan said with regards to Mr. SmithGraybeal’s points in a slightly different way.

I, too, could not do face-to-face EfM because of my call schedule (which requires me to be within 30 min. response time of the hospital) vs. the nearest group being 90 miles away. As it was, I think it’s a trade where neither side can be quantified. I admit I would like that face-to-face interaction but I would have also been in a class of people all from central MO. My online class has had people in all four time zones and Bahrain. I would not have gotten that level of depth of classmates in the face-to-face version, and, in rural MO, it’s nice to escape an insular, parochial environment now and then.

I will also add my social netowrking has actually ADDED to my “live sociability.” For three years now, I have taken “Facebook pilgrimages,” where I have met over a dozen people I only previously knew from Facebook. Some people might find that a little scary, but I find that the same technology that creates those adventures has a safety aspect to it–I Facebook my journey and people are watching!

Finally, I don’t think the worry about distraction (“all those open tabs”) is as fearful as we sometimes think. In the medieval pewless church, during the sermon, people were milling around, talking to their friends, chasing animals in and out of church, conducting business, and drawing graffiti on the walls. I don’t see the annoying texter any different than I see the person knitting or crocheting in the pews, or the person drawing on the bulletin during the sermon. I contend it’s not the technology, it’s the choices we make with it. Sure, we all know the distractions are there–but people also vote with their feet (or their smartphone) when they are bored with what is happening around them.

A Facebook User

I think a lot of lay people aren’t used to taking on leadership positions in adult education–and then many younger people, including myself at times, get filled with doubts: “I’m no expert in that…”, “I’m too young to lead a group like this…”, “I don’t know where to start”, “I don’t have time to invest in this…”

We need to create spaces where people feel welcome to contribute. Sometimes that might be as simple as announcing that formation is open for all to contribute their perspectives. Other times, leadership might need to look for “seeds” who can grow once they’ve received some encouragement.

The diversity and variety in the Church is what makes it such an amazing and vibrant community, but it can also work against us sometimes when creating “a sandbox” for Episcopalians to play in. We are fragmented and diffused, which makes it difficult to aggregate content in a critical mass and also difficult to address the needs of TEC’s many constituencies. Linda, what a wonderful site–will definitely check it out!


Susan please sign your full name next time



I agree with many of Mr. SmithGraybeal’s points, but I don’t think it is completely accurate. The point about having tabs open on a browser during a class session, for example, strikes me as a bit off the wall. Has no one ever taken one’s notebook or even church bulletin and started a grocery or to-do list when possibly taking notes on the presentation might be more in order? Or had one or more books open during a session in order to refer to one or another during the discussion? Can I hide from God any more surely sitting in front of a computer screen with a group participating in a theological reflection via a virtual chat room or Skype than I can sitting in a group of people?

I craved the kind of educational opportunity offered by EfM, but it did not exist in my parish and driving at night further than a few miles in order to participate in the class was out of the question. What I found was EfM online, and with it not just the educational information but an interactive and active community where each member benefits from every other member. If I cannot see their faces across a table, I can clearly see their words and have time to respond to those words even if several others speak in the interim between the two. When they need prayer (or I do), the whole group responds with support just as any face-to-face group would. As we work in a visual world, we can pay more attention to what someone is saying without distraction. Did I miss something they said? I can go back and see what it was so that I can respond appropriately and not just shoot from the hip with a response that reflects what I think I heard them say. I think that is one thing that woul benefit a lot of groups who are so busy talking over one another that often the good thoughts and ideas get lost in a forest of verbiage that does not really advance the conversation.

Ideally I agree that formation should balance online, books and real vs. virtual community meetings, but that is simply not attainable for many. I don’t believe that it is catering to culture to recognize the increasing power of the internet and virtual communities such as EfM online. Many colleges and universities are doing more and more online courses which benefits all of us by offering educational opportunities to people who might not otherwise be able to obtain it. Does it make the education they receive any less valuable and valued because they did it online? No, I don’t believe it does. While I would certainly seek out a spiritual director with whom I could meet periodically if I felt the need to do so, I will also defend the benefit of online education and formative opportunities when the alternative is no opportunity at all.

Linda Ryan

barbara snyder

(In fact, perhaps online stuff can be a sort of stand-in – a replacement for religious culture that has been part and parcel of life for thousands of years but is no longer.

Maybe it can help people absorb information that in other times would have been “in the air” and everywhere, but just isn’t there anymore.

AND, we can read the Dead Sea Scrolls online, too!


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