Between NOV 1885 and JAN 1887 a number of Christian converts were executed by order of the King of Buganda, Mwanga II. In all there were 23 Anglican and 22 Roman Catholic Christians executed, including the English bishop for Eastern Equatorial Africa, James Hannington, on 29 OCT 1885. Historians point to much occurring in Africa at the time the 19 year old king sat on the Bugandan throne. Anglicans, Roman Catholics and Muslims vied for converts. And Great Britain and Germany both had the king nervous about European invasion of his realm. Attached to the back story for the executions is the claim that the king was angered by young men with whom he wished to have sexual relations but who refused his advances because of their conversion to Christianity.
Separate Anglican and Catholic shrines to the Ugandan Martyrs exist in near proximity in Namugango Unganda. On Saturday, 28 NOV 2015, +Francis visited and blessed the newly renovated Anglican Shrine Museum. The Pope arrived around half past 8 in the morning and was greeted by well-wishers who had started gathering in anticipation earlier. He was received by the Primate of the Church of Uganda, the Most Revd Stanley Ntagali. +Francis unveiled a plaque commorating the renovation, toured the museum and knelt to pray at a tableau of the martyrdoms. The Pope left soon after, escorted by local Catholic officials to the nearby Roman Catholic shrine.