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A Scottish view of the Covenant

A Scottish view of the Covenant

Kelvin Holdsworth, Provost of St, Mary’s Cathedral in Glasgow, says that it is important for the American Episcopal Church to formally say “no” to all of the Anglican Covenant even though the issue appears to be dead in the Church of England. He says that there are subtle, but equally destructive aspects of the sections not dealing with discipline.

His advice: Make no assumptions about how the language of the Covenant is understood in various parts of the world.

One of the big things on the agenda this year is a vote in principle on the Anglican Covenant. A year or two ago, when we were talking about it, it seemed like one of the most controversial things that we would ever vote on. Now we get closer to the vote, I’m less sure. A lot of water has gone under the bridge over the last couple of years.

There were great fears that if we voted against the Anglican Covenant, as it always seemed we might, then this would put us at odds with the Church of England. And, notwithstanding our proud independent streak, there were dire fears as to What That Might Mean.

In the event, the Church of England beat us to it and threw it out itself.

However, all the Anglican Provinces need to make their minds up. The Covenant isn’t dead yet, though there’s no doubt it is severely wounded by the dioceses of the C of E standing up to their bishops and archbishops and refusing to fall in line.

Now, the different Provinces will all do different things. I think that what is likely in Scotland is that we will simply say no to the Covenant and then focus our energies on a second motion on the agenda which will allow us to do some creative thinking about what kind of Anglican Communion we are looking for. At least, that’s what I hope will happen.

Holdworth was surprised to hear that some American Episcopalians want to affirm the first three sections but not the last. This is a bad idea. For one thing, not all Anglican Churches affirm the 39 Articles. We don’t. And the Scots don’t either.

I was surprised because it meant that there were no apparent fears about the first section, and it is that which I think is the more dangerous. This may be because theological statements are sometimes read differently by different people.

In Scotland we used to get people saying that we should affirm the first three sections but not the fourth section only up until the time when we really got down to talking about it. At last year’s General Synod it became apparent that some of us were very troubled by section one – particularly because affirming it would mean that once again we would have to affirm the Thirty-Nine Articles.

Now there are all kinds of reasons why affirming the Thirty-Nine Articles isn’t a good idea. I was on my feet a year ago saying that coming as I do from a city troubled by Catholic-Protestant sectarian tensions, the last thing we need to be doing is affirming once again the anti-catholic Thirty-Nine Articles. And that isn’t even to begin to deal with the things that those articles condemn which some of us hold dear in our worship still.

Now, the US-based Episcopal Church has the Thirty-Nine Articles in its Book of Common Prayer and we in Scotland don’t. (We did for a bit but we don’t affirm them any more). The Americans cope with them, I think, by thinking of them as Historical Documents – things that show us where we have come from but don’t necessarily regard them as things which should guide our faith for today.

Not so the Church of England. Or at least, not so all of the Church of England.

The release this week of a long denunciation of same-sex marriage from the Church of England Evangelical Council should give the Americans pause for thought before they affirm any part of the Covenant which promotes the Thirty-Nine Articles. Anyone reading it will be in no doubt that the Thirty Nine Articles are no mere historical document in some parts of the Church of England. For some, they are the Thirty-Nine Weapons of the Church of England in this long and tiresome culture war in which all the bullets are theological concepts and all the collateral damage seems to be in terms of souls lost to the church and wholesome relationships between gay folk traduced by the loud, the ignorant and the shallow.

The US based church should make no assumptions at all about the nature in which the documents listed in the first section of the proposed Anglican Covenant are read in other parts of the world.


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Leslie Scoopmire

I once new someone who was unhappy with the current stances of the Episcopal Church, proclaimed that ultimately what he really believed in was the Thirty-nine Articles, and then the next thing I knew he announced that he was joining the Roman Catholics. Guess that didn’t last long, because a couple of years later I saw that he was back in his old parish amongst us heathen.

One of the most glaring problems with the ideas enshrined in the Covenant (and there are so many!) is the idea that people can choose who their brothers and sisters are, and that we are only family if we all have the same beliefs and follow the same rules. That’s not true in families, and it certainly isn’t true in the family of God.


Concur. One of the things I find very toubling here in Virginia is the repeated “words-don’t-mean-what-they-say” routine on the part of some in the GAFCON/ACNA fold. For instance, I have been told repeatedly that ACNA is

in full communion” with the Anglican Communion. When I have responded by saying that is facially inaccurate, the response is, “Well, GAFCON, which is the REAL Anglican Communion.”

Similarly, the issue has come up in the court cases in this state, where the dissident congregations try to argue that the deeds in question and canons don’t mean what they say.

I’m all for working in close cooperation with others of good will, but this is a case where caution and discretion are the bywords of the day.

Eric Bonetti


Ooops, “Provost”, I mean. Ach, church titles…. ;-X

JC Fisher


The Glasgow Dean’s first name is Kelvin, FYI.

JC Fisher

…and I agree w/ him.

Thx JC — fixed now.


Bravo! Splendid agenda. I hope the deputies and bishops in TEC take a lesson and say no to the covenant and focus on the way forward to continue our work with the other churches in the Communion.

And I hope the vote in the Scottish Episcopal Church goes as Kelvin predicts.

June Butler

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