Kingdom of Heaven Bread

By Richard E. Helmer

A few months ago the makings of what looked like a curious science experiment began to appear on the shelves of our kitchen. Knowing our seven-year-old’s propensity for putting things in water and watching what happens – with sometimes rather gruesome and foul-smelling results – I initially thought nothing of the proliferation of jars and their strange contents. But as they persisted, curiosity began to grab hold. In one jar was a layer of swollen raisins floating in water that was slowly turning a golden color. In another was a doughy paste that was starting to slowly bubble.

The coin didn’t drop for me until a few days later when some delicious bread appeared for dinner. My wife and son had, of course, been making bread starters. I discovered the benefits of our car port, where the back-end of our hatchback got enough sun during the day so my wife would put a culture in back to enjoy the warmth. The yeast was completely natural, started from the skins of everyday raisins, gently tended into a culture ready to mix with whole-wheat flour. In a few days, the resulting starter would expand, and a few teaspoons would go into a bread recipe made from scratch.

It was so much fun, I had to get into the act, and soon I was preparing bread starters from next to nothing to donate to our annual parish bake sale. It was great fun, but it demanded patience. The yeast would sit in a new clean jar with the flour for two or three days doing what seemed to be nothing, and then it would – one night when I wasn’t watching – take off, announcing that it was ready to be kneaded into some dough. My wife was far more patient, giving a sometimes daily batch of dough several hours to rise and noting the huge difference a cold, damp day would make.

She was also the one who grasped the theological implications of what we were doing long before I did. As we sat down for dinner one night, she said the experience reminded her of Jesus’ parable about the kingdom of heaven in Matthew 13:33, among the briefest of all Jesus’ parables: “The kingdom of heaven is like yeast that a woman took and mixed in with three measures of flour until all of it was leavened.”

In our age of store-bought packages of quick-rise yeast, bread-making machines, and impatient schedules, the full meaning of this simplest of parables hadn’t dawned on me until my wife connected Jesus’ words with our making bread-starters and baking simple breads from scratch. In her connection, I discovered a valuable lesson for all our ministries in the church and the wider world: Ministry, working with God’s grace in cultivating the “kingdom of heaven,” requires the simplest of ingredients: like raisins, a bit of flour, and water. . .the yeast is already naturally present, like God’s Spirit waiting to act, if only given the right conditions. Our job is to gather those ingredients and create those conditions, offer the water it takes to build up the sacramental life, the “flour,” the food it needs from our shared stories and experiences, and the warmth of love in community that it takes to spread, take nourishment, and grow.

Ministry requires patience. It’s a no-brainer, but it’s the hardest discipline of the lot in our age of quick gratification and instant success. How many times to we go to the ecclesiastical grocery store to buy our quick-rise “yeast” program off the shelf – packaged and guaranteed to deliver? And how often are we disappointed that our efforts produce a ho-hum spiritual bread devoid of the joy of labor well done, of prayerful work committed over a long period? Waiting for the yeast to take hold is like waiting for the Spirit to act. When we create the right conditions for God’s grace to enter our lives and the lives of others, we are on God’s time. And God comes – as does the “Son of Man” – just like the yeast: a bit of a “thief in the night.” We wake up one morning to find our efforts by grace have taken root, the Spirit has acted, and what began with simple ingredients has blossomed into a culture of abundance, ready to leaven a whole batch of folk and an entire community with the life, hope, and vision of the kingdom.

Ministry is organic. It ebbs and flows with time and conditions – many of which are outside of our control. Yeast works faster when it is warm, slower when it is cold. We have to ride with its cycles much as we do with the cycles of life in our communities of faith and vocation. How often I have brooded over a down year or two in our parochial report! But experience shows that often these down times make room for a new infusion of grace and people, itching to engage in the deep life of the Gospel. We have to keep the best of the culture going, trusting in the natural life-cycle of the yeast. Sometimes, new clean jars are needed. Sometimes, we just have to start over. But faith is measured more in our long-term adherence to the Gospel calling – our kneading together the simple recipe of love of God and love of neighbor, the hope in Christ’s life-giving presence, the promise of grace that hooks into our life-cycles and demands our deepest trust and greatest devotion.

My wife and I chuckled over calling the bread coming out of our kitchen “Kingdom of Heaven Bread.” We chuckled because it seemed silly at first to gather such theological meaning out of something so everyday as break-making. But then, that is what the Christian life is about: God making the ordinary extraordinary; the everyday becomes miraculous. At that point, I suppose our chuckling became a bit more profound, a bit more leavening for life we had discovered, mixed in with three measures, and rising into Christ Jesus.

The Rev. Richard E. Helmer is rector of Church of Our Saviour, Mill Valley, Calif., and a postulant in the Brotherhood of Saint Gregory. His sermons and reflections have been published widely online, and he blogs at Caught by the Light.

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  1. Richard, this is lovely. I expect I’ll be musing about it through the day. One thing I notice around the edges of this story is the three of you each learning at your own level and the lesson you need and the non-hierarchical way that each of you is learning from the other two and teaching the other two. You’ve told the story so we can find the yeasty quality of the ordinary, of curiosity, of love. Brief, elegant, memorable, and full of hope. Thank you!

  2. Richard E. Helmer

    Thanks, Donald. Your comment about the non-hierarchical quality of this experience reminds me of Carol Luther’s sermon at our parish last Sunday. Stories are almost always radically non-hierarchical! Perhaps that’s another reason Jesus used them so often to subvert the distorting and dehumanizing power structures of his time, and now ours, too.

    You remind me that those of us in leadership find our true authority in acting as yeast — as leaven — in the communities we serve.

    As Jesus tells the apostles in Mark 10:

    “You know that among the Gentiles those whom they recognize as their rulers lord it over them, and their great ones are tyrants over them. But it is not so among you; but whoever wishes to become great among you must be your servant, and whoever wishes to be first among you must be slave of all.”

    Ah, the power of a simple a parable to illumine our lives!

  3. deirdregood


    This is a simple and moving piece. It has got me thinking. What about yeast infections? Shouldn’t we work with the whole picture of yeast? (I’m just thinking out loud on this).

  4. Richard E. Helmer


    Pathogenic yeasts are of a different species than those used in leavening, so I would argue that is beyond the metaphorical bounds of this particular parable.

    But in the vein of thinking out loud, you raise an interesting point, as bad or pathological behavior can infect ministries and Christian communities as readily as grace-filled patterns can leaven them. Maybe that offers an implicit contrast between the “kingdoms of this world” and what Jesus calls the kingdom of heaven?

  5. Richard E. Helmer

    Oh, yes, there is of course Jesus warning about the “yeast” of the Pharisees and Saducees! I wonder if the first-century world would have identified any disease or infection as yeast-related as we do now…but it does put another perspective on Jesus’ use of yeast in his teaching.

  6. Ann Fontaine

    Thanks Richard — can’t wait for those bread stories to show up in the lectionary. And as to “beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees” – I love it that the disciples think Jesus is talking about going to the grocery store. There is our denseness that God has to deal with too.

  7. Will Watkins


    Thanks for a heart-warming post. Speaking as a scientist who’s used to thinking about microbes and their characteristics all day long, there are several aspects of the yeast analogy that spring to mind. The most obvious is that we’re talking about exponential expansion, so that much good comes from little (or much bad, in the case of pathological effects). Then there’s infidelity of replication of the genome (think Chinese whispers, but forgive the outdated name of the game) – the potential for the message/ministry to change as it expands. That, of course, can be both good and bad… think evolution: the microbe adapts so that it can thrive in the environment in which it finds itself. By this analogy, the role of the church community is to form the environment that ensures that the adaptation leads us closer to the Kingdom.


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